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WORKING PAPERS
The Work of the Home
The Work of the Home as a Field of Research in Sociology: By Maria Sophia Aguirre  
The work of the home has been a paradigm worthy of academic analysis since long before the 1960s shift of women to the labour market. In fact, in the late eighteenth century and nineteenth century we find important intellectual antecedents in Home Economics as a field interested in the work of the home as a necessary social good. This precursor to the current paradigm of thought serves to demystify the pre and post-shift dyad, and understand current efforts within the field of sociology to analyse the work of the home as a form of production of social and human capital. This literature review aims to analyse sociological research focused on the work of the home and its value, examining how views on this work have widened in scope, first considering mechanical tasks such as cleaning and cooking to be relevant to the economy, and later, focusing on the work of the home as a more complex phenomenon, composed of relational and distributive activities which evidence its centrality to the humanization of society and the economy. In sum, the work of the home is an evolving paradigm that has proven to be a necessary central index to studies of society, though this fact has historically been ignored by market-oriented analyses that continue to view housework as secondary.
 
 
 
A Brief History of Housework
A Brief History of Housework, 1900 to Present: By Ann Brodeur  
There is a big difference between the households of early twentieth century America and the households of the early twenty-first. Over the last hundred years, forces have wrought changes on households that had been largely unaltered for centuries. Industrialization, electrification, progressivism, feminism, and consumerism, among others, have dramatically altered the way households function. Homes have shifted from their role as producers to a new role as consumers.
 
 
 
Vulnerability, an aspect of human nature
Vulnerability: By John Rist  
A theorist facing what might seem the purely practical problems of the relationship between work and home; a compiler of arguments about the obviously related topic of vulnerability... Vulnerability is certainly a fundamental aspect of human nature and therefore necessarily related both to moral psychology and the pursuit of moral truth, hence to virtue and vice, since ethics is essentially a practical discipline.
 
 
 
The Regulation of Domestic Work in Spain
The Regulation of Domestic Work in Spain: By Prudencio José Riquelme Perea and Encarnación Ruiz Casanova  
The work of the home is an activity that is largely undervalued by society, despite its fundamental role in the social and economic life of individuals and families. In the case of Spain, immigrant women have an increasingly prominent role in this type of work due in large part to the incorporation of Spanish women into the labour market, as well as a significant increase in the national dependency ratio. As the labour market continues down a path largely determined by the current legislation on working conditions, regulations that place domestic workers in a completely different category than individuals in other types of employment. There is thus a need to propose a series of reforms in order for this type of employment to be recognized as a legitimate form of professional employment.
 
 
 
Doing our Home Work: 
Doing our Home Work: By Edwina Maksym  
All tasks within the home are essential, and this goes beyond the usual tasks of cooking and cleaning, extending itself to the act of caregiving. Regardless of who is providing the services in the home (be it a paid worker of family member) these tasks are essential for the maintenance of a home environment which allows for each of its members to flourish. This paper takes an ecological and interdisciplinary approach to the study of the specific aspects of the work completed within the home.
 
 
 
Learning in practice : What organizational and management literature can contribute to professional and occupational development 
Learning in practice : What organizational and management literature can contribute to professional and occupational development By Remei Agulles  
Organizations, occupations and professions usually devote considerable effort to training and other forms of purposive hands-on processes, so that their members learn the practices that belong to their job. However, this investment does not always pay off, or, at least, in a way proportional to the effort. It is also true that not all learning occurs through these mechanisms: members of a firm or an occupation continue to learn - or may forget what they learned - during their practice.
 
 
 
Leaf House: Sustainability becomes real 
Leaf House: Sustainability becomes real By Maddalena Spallacci  
Eco-sustainability and environment protection are key issues for businesses in response, among others, to the pressure of consumers and other stakeholders - e.g. public agencies (Porter & van der Linde, 1995). The weak response to these pressures was previously motivated by the high investments required to match tougher environmental standards. This resistance is giving way to the conviction that technical innovations allows to match simultaneous matching of costs with attainment of "green" targets, while satisfying a now clearly identifiable consumer need for green solutions (Ibid, Stone & Wakefield, 2000).
 
 
 
Minimalism and Sustainable Living: An aesthetical approach  
Minimalism and Sustainable Living: An aesthetical approach By Maria Antonia Frias Sagardoy  
Much is said about sustainable architecture or ecological houses, but indeed - as this congress rightly says - in the end it is the life in that house that must be sustainable. In this case it is essential, therefore, to consider what is usually called human ecology, too. Inhabitants, physically and emotionally, as well as spiritually, must maintain a healthy and long-lasting equilibrium, optimising their own resources. They must not permanently consume them, but rather permit their spontaneous recovery and renewal.
 
 
 
Family Home and Sustainability 
Family Home and Sustainability By Paz Medina Lavaron and Ana Lilia Benito Velásquez  
For several years, governments and the media are making us aware of the global problem of energy supply and other supplies, because they affect the sustainability of the planet. However, in recent years, electricity consumption continues to increase significantly due, on the one hand, to the increase in electrical appliances in all homes and, on the other hand, to the lack of responsible consumption. Of course, the lack of such responsible use is mainly caused by the paucity of data that is available in practice in daily life.
 
 
 
Competency Curriculum for the Bachelor's Degree of Hospitality Management, ESDAI  
Competency Curriculum for the Bachelor's Degree of Hospitality Management, ESDAI By Maria de los Angeles Padilla Lavin  
1.BOLOGNA DECLARATION AND TUNING PROJECT
The quality of teaching and learning in many universities has become an issue of growing concern and scrutiny in many countries around the world. One of the biggest problems is the difficulty of defining quality and share this definition amongst all the actors involved in the process: students, faculty, labour market and graduates. This topic has been evident in the attempt to establish a higher European education area after the reform agenda, constituted by the Bologna Declaration1, including the promotion of European cooperation in ensuring quality, via the development of comparable criteria and assessment methodologies for collegiate learning.
 
 
 
The Influence of the Home in Social Dynamics  
The Influence of the Home in Social Dynamics By Sergio Belardinelli  
I have been asked to talk about a very sensitive and complex issue: The influence of the home in social Dynamics. I will start off with the question with which the organisers begin their presentation of my speech: How is the home, and specifically the work at home, a crucial factor in the way society works and develops?
 
 
 
Valuing the Home as part of the core economy 
Valuing What Matters Team, New Economics Foundation By Helen Kersley  
In this paper I will be discussing the value of the work of the home from a policy perspective rather than a business perspective or with a particular focus on the labour market. There are about six programme areas in NEF, but what binds those different programme areas together are three overarching principles for our organisation: environmental sustainability, collective well-being and social justice. Although we cover a wide range of areas, what our work looks at are the overarching challenges for society today which are probably about the environmental crisis (climate change in particular) and also what is happening economically.
 
 
 
Family Dining, Diet and Food Distribution  
Family Dining, Diet and Food Distribution: Planting the Seeds of Economic Growth By Sophia Aguirre  
Economic growth is an outcome of more than economic processes. It is an outcome of economic, social, and political processes that interact with and reinforce each other in ways that worsen or ease the achievement of economic growth and development. In this paper we seek to establish the relevance of one of these processes, family dinners, for the economy. Empirical evidence indicates a close relationship between family dinners and the production of human, social, and moral capital. Frequent family dinners strengthen the family relations, increase academic performance, and help to prevent substance abuse. Studies also provide evidence of a relationship existing between family meals and economic activity. The existence of family meals affects positively efficiency in the distribution and consumption of food within an economy. Thus, attention to the frequency and the quality of family meals as well as to the patterns of food consumption is of interest for all agents in the economy.
 
 
 
Home in the Community  
Home in the Community By Ada Fung JP, Hong Kong Housing Authority  
I am very pleased to be able to share with people from around the globe how we create homes within the community in Hong Kong. First of all, I would like to highlight that Hong Kong is very different from other cities because we live in a high-density high-rise environment. We only have 1100 square kilometres of land of which only 25% has been developed - the rest is countryside, parks and hills. 4% of our land goes towards residential uses. We have to house 7 million people in Hong Kong. I work for the Hong Kong Housing Authority where we provide public rental housing for families with a lower income. We provide around 30% of the population with low-cost, rental residential homes. We now have a stock of around 700,000 rental flats and we are building at a rate of about 15,000 new flats per year. On average, the living space is about 12 square meters. Our standard for allocation is only seven square meters. In the past we have sold over 430,000 subsidised sales flats.
 
 
 
Home in the City  
Home in the City By Piers Gough  
In this paper I am going to drill down and make some quite narrow points about the physical relationship between the home and the city. Architects can talk about all kinds of things, but in the end, we are about organising physical relationships between things.
 
 
 
The Home of the Future  
The Home of the Future By Charles Handy  
My basic thesis is very simple: work has always been the main thing that shaped our lives over time and economics and technology are the main things that shape work. I have been writing for many years now trying to guess what those changes will be as work changes and technology changes work. It seems to me that at the moment everything is coming together. Economics has been going through some dramatic changes, as you may have noticed, and technology has been equally dramatic in its changes, which I think changes work. So work will, in due course, if not already, change the home. I will discuss this and what it means to the family further on. In a sense it is all very obvious, but when we are in the middle of things that are very obvious, we do not always see them and so I would like to try to tease them out for you.
 
 
 
The importance of creating a context for relationships  
The importance of creating a context for relationships By Janine Nahapiet  
I hope that you will be able to see some strong connections between this paper and the previous ones as it is important that our thoughts connect without duplicating each other. I would like to go deeper on what has been referred to as the organisation of the social, the importance of the third place, particularly the importance of engagement with people. I will concentrate much more on the use of relationship and connection. Calling to mind what Charles Handy referred to in his paper as 'separate but together,' for example, I do believe in the importance of separate spaces but what I would like to focus on is the implications of togetherness in the context of the home.
 
 
 
Competences of Housework  
Competences of Housework What Modern Household Economics Tells us By Prof. Dr. Michael-Burkhard Piorkowsky  
There is a lot of debate on the under-valuation of households and families. The same holds true for the natural environment, maybe on common grounds. I have arranged my presentation to look at the reasons for this and try to contribute to a solution. My interest today is to stress the influence of contemporary mainstream economics on the under-valuation of household and family work as well as of the natural environment. Economics is one of the most important sciences and provides a frame and a structure for a common understanding of the economy and society and thus of households and families.
 
 
 
Being Professional at Home  
Being Professional at Home or Home-making as a Profession By Ma Julia Prats  
The idea of linking professionalism and homemaking is an interesting issue to explore. In the brief given to us by Home Renaissance Foundation we were asked to contribute and link our research on professionals with the aims of this conference. Our contribution draws from the areas of professional service firms and professionalism in management. From this perspective, most people would probably say that they would like to be professionals at home as they are in other spheres of their professional life. However, the question is, do we all have the same understanding of what it means to be professional at home? Furthermore, questions on the topic need to be asked: Is home-making a profession? Would we like to run a home with the same dedication and standards we have in any other profession? Is the home-maker a professional?' Answering these questions leads to a series of other linked questions: What is a professional? And what is a profession?
 
 
 
Relational Dimensions of Housework: How to Reconcile the Gift with the Market  
Relational Dimensions of Housework: How to Reconcile the Gift with the Market By Maria Teresa Russo, Roma Tre University  
In the famous conference held in 1951, at the convention of architecture at Darmstadt, entitled "Building, dwelling, thinking", Heidegger observed how the housing crisis was the "crisis" par excellence, a sign of eradication and disorientation of contemporary man. Dwelling, according to the German philosopher, is the typical human way of being in the world. This category is connected to the other heideggerian category, Care, the basic structure of existence, which expresses at the same time projectuality and commitment, coexistence and work. And it is thanks to this care that man opens himself up to the future, projecting himself towards others and towards things and getting in tune with his horizon, which becomes, in a certain way, a home.
 
 
 
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